Fluid surveillance and mechanotransduction in macrophages

Spencer Freeman
Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto SickKids Research Institute
Thursday, March 23, 2023 - 12:00pm
McLennan Physical Laboratories, Room MP606
Invited Speaker Seminar
Innate immune cells, like macrophages, are integral to most body tissues in which they perform vital everyday tasks. These range from the removal/turnover of damaged or dead tissue components by phagocytosis to the surveillance of their microenvironment for pathogenic threats. Such functions necessitate an extraordinary capacity for tissue resident macrophages to employ mechanisms that support rapid membrane traffic. A major underlying feature is their ability to distill incoming fluid. In the first part of my talk, I will describe fluid handling by macrophages that ultimately maintains tissue homeostasis. Second, I will discuss how macrophages can sense and respond to inefficiencies in solute/fluid handling that gives rise to sterile stress on their endolysosomal system. Broadly, this involves mechanosensitive complexes that elicit a specific inflammatory response. Both parts emphasize biophysical aspects to immune surveillance and their dysregulation in disease.
James Otis
BiophysTO Lunchtime Talks
Hybrid seminar
Virtual Seminar ID: