The SMX Tri-Nuclease: Making it Safe to Play with Knives

Dr. Haley Wyatt
Department of Biochemistry University of Toronto
Thursday, April 25, 2019 - 12:00pm
McLennan Physical Laboratories, Room MP606
Invited Speaker Seminar
An essential component of every living organism is DNA, which provides the blueprint for life. Paradoxically, DNA is highly susceptible to damage by agents that occur naturally (e.g. metabolic by-products) and in the environment (e.g. ultraviolet radiation). If left unrepaired, damaged DNA can trigger mutations, chromosomal rearrangements, and genome instability. Cells contain sophisticated DNA repair networks to counteract these deleterious effects. Most DNA repair pathways require the actions of nucleases, which are molecular scissors that removed damaged DNA to preserve genome integrity. Nevertheless, the act of cutting DNA is a double-edged sword because it can fuel genetic rearrangements that lead to diseases like cancer. The Wyatt lab is studying how the potentially damaging power of DNA nucleases is directed to safeguard genome integrity. Our long-term goal is to understand how human cells execute accurate DNA repair - a major barrier to the development of cancer.
Dr. Walid A. Houry
BiophysTO Lunchtime Talks