Bacterial Surface Lipoproteins and Membrane Proteins used to Overcome Nutritional Immunity

Dr. Trevor F. Moraes
Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto
Thursday, September 21, 2017 - 12:00pm
McLennan Physical Laboratories, Room MP606
Invited Speaker Seminar
The battle for nutrients between invading bacteria and the host they colonize is extremely competitive and complex. To prevent unwanted bacterial proliferation, mammals utilize ‘Nutritional Immunity’ - a mechanism to sequester essential metals and nutrients (e.g. zinc and iron) thus limiting their availability to invading pathogens. In response, the evolving bacterial pathogen keeps pace with mammalian defences using specialized nutrient uptake systems to alleviate the nutritional immunity pressure. Herein I will discuss our structural and functional insights into several bacterial nutrient acquisition systems (including the Bacterial Transferrin Receptor -TbpA/TbpB and the Zn uptake receptor -ZnuD) and a new protein translocation system (SLAM) that places virulence factors on the surface of Gram negative pathogens and provides the pathogens with a mechanism to overcome nutritional and innate immunity.
Dr. Walid A. Houry
BiophysTO Lunchtime Talks