A tale of two tissues: Lgr5+ stem cells in the stomach and uterus

Dr. Nicholas Barker
Research Director, A*STAR Institute of Medical Biology, Singapore, Chair of Tissue Regeneration, University of Edinburgh, UK, Research Professor, Kanazawa University, Japan
Wednesday, April 3, 2019 - 12:00pm
Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue, Room 1246 Black Wing
Special Seminar
We have identified Lgr5 as a facultative component of the Wnt receptor complex selectively expressed on various homeostatic stem cell populations. Employing new, non-variegated Lgr5-2A-CreERT2/EGFP/DTR mouse models we now identify a subset of Lgr5-expressing chief cells responsible for epithelial repair and cancer initiation in the corpus stomach following parietal cell atrophy. We additionally characterize the transcriptomes Lgr5+ stem cells in mouse intestine, colon and stomach, revealing new gastric stem cell-specific markers that can be used to isolate human gastric stem cells for regenerative medicine applications and for use in selectively targeting cancer-causing mutations to the Lgr5+ stem cell compartment in mice as a means of evaluating their contribution to gastric cancer initiation and progression. Finally, we identify neonatal Lgr5+ cells in the mouse uterus as Wnt-dependent stem cells responsible for epithelial gland development. Adjacent Lgr5- epithelial cells within the neonatal glands function as essential niche components to support the function of Lgr5+ stem cells ex-vivo.
Drs. Tae-Hee Kim and Robert Bandsma
Developmental and Stem Cell Biology
Program in Cell Biology - SickKids, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition